Skin Rash Types and Treatments: All you need to know

types of skin rashes

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To most people, you may see an itchy skin covered in red strange spots or blotches as usual allergy appearance or skin rash encounters. You may often treat it effectively with over-the-counter oral antihistamines or hydrocortisone cream, however, it’s not always that simple, says dermatologists.

According to medically reviewed article by American Academy of Dermatology (rights reserved) , Rashes may appear as blisters or welts in red, scaly, itchy, or dry form. It can occur in one area of the skin or all over the body. Although affecting it’s not classified as specific diagnosis, it is characterized as skin inflammation that changes texture or colouration, resulting from infection, and distorts normal skin semblance. It may be referred as chronic skin condition or an irritant / contact allergen, infection, system disorders that can go by quickly or unfortunately stay longer.

Common Types of Rashes

Atopic dermatitis

Often called eczema, are common skin inflammatory disorder in infants which starts as early as age 2 to 6 months. It’s a blanket term for several non-contagious conditions that may cause inflamed, scaly, red itchy, dry weeping itchy rash skin on inner elbows and back of the knees as well as the cheeks, neck, wrists, and ankles. Though many people outgrow it by early adulthood, Atopic dermatitis is a long term (chronic) red skin disorder and are common to find in patients who have asthma or hay fever. This may be caused by: stress, irritants (like soaps), allergens, and change of weather/ climate.

Seborrheic dermatitis

This common skin rash may affect most of the adults and produces flaky, itchy red or white to yellowish scales in oily areas such as the scalp, forehead, brows, cheeks, and external ears. Seborrheic dermatitis affecting the scalp of infants are called cradle cap, it may also sometimes occur also in infant diaper area. Causes: Oil gland activity, yeasts called Malassezia (lives in skin areas that has more oil glands, and skin functioning barrier changes.

Stasis dermatitis

This is a slimy, weepy dermatitis that that appear on the lower legs. It generally affects individuals that have chronic swelling due to congestion and poor circulation of the veins. It shows light-brown to darker pigments or purplish-red stains because of blood occlusion in the leg veins and somehow seen most with varicose.

Contact dermatitis

Types of rash that is brought by a contact with specifying chemical in which a patient is allergic or a substance exposing directly to irritate the skin. This red skin rash can affect parts of the skin that directly contact offending substance such as poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak (same chemical, different plant) or jewellery nickel chemicals and lead to contact dermatitis. It can be very noxious and brings burning sensation to the affected skin area.

Diaper rash

A common type of irritant contact dermatitis that mostly occur in infants and some adults that wear diapers. This isn’t a sign of parental neglect (although somehow yes – if they don’t change diapers timely), this red skin rash may appear when urine and feces are in contact with the skin longer. Frequent diaper changes is encouraged to prevent this type of rash.


Urticaria, also known as hives, types rashes on the skin that are an allergic disorder marked by raising edematous patches of skin or mucous membrane. It commonly appears as swollen, pale red bumps or plaques (wheals) on the skin and frequently recur time to time. Although it resolve to fade in about eight hours, these cause rashes types may be resulted from the body’s reaction to certain allergens that may lead to more serious or life-threatening skin condition. It usually is itchy, burning and somehow stings. It is caused by specific precipitating factor (such as a food, drug, or inhalant) which was either taken externally or internally.


A chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red itchy patches covered with white scales. It tends to occur on the scalp, elbows, and knees. These itchy rashes skin condition show silvery flakes of skin that fall off in non weepy or easy manner.

Nummular Dermatitis

Characterized by circular or oval lesions or drops. This dermatitis characterized as coin-shaped plaques, and isolated patches of an irritated skin – most commonly on the arms and lower legs – commonly occur in the wintertime or cold weather, and are associated with dry complexion. These spots are often extremely itchy, can be crusty and well defined. Causes: insect bite, scrapes and scratches, chemical “burns” or reaction to inflammation (as with atopic dermatitis and/or statis dermatitis) anywhere in the body.

Drug Eruption

Usually caused by an allergic reaction to a drug. Its symptoms include redness, bumps, blisters, hives, and sometimes painful peeling. They can take on many shapes and common to appear similar to rashes on skin that are produced by viral infections. It can be really itchy, and develop in groups or may cover large skin areas. Examples of drug that may result eruption side effects: penicillin, sulfa drugs, cephalosporin, allopurinol, anti-seizure drugs, antibiotics, etc.

Heat rash

You can acquire a heat rash in the skin (also called miliaria) when you sweat too much. The bodily tube or vessel that carries the secretion of sweat glands become blocked. This occurs during hot, humid weather. It looks like a red cluster of acne or small blisters that are likely to affect adults or infants who are kept too warm. It may be visible in the groin, neck, under or upper chest or elbow creases.


  • Fungal Infections – yeasts (yellowish surface froth) that are derived from plants or related to fungi can cause skin rashes that itch. It appear as fiery red, pustules (blisters) around the edges, and affects folds of the skin such lower breast or groin area. Though it has a little to do with good hygiene – habitually neat people get them, as well. You can acquire them in pools, showers, gyms, etc.
  • Bacterial Infections – common forms are folliculitis and impetigo. Rash breakouts are caused often by bacteria called Staph. It may appear as pustular (bumps that are topped by pus) or painful plaque-like (such cellulitis), and rarely produce a rash that affects large skin areas such as scarlet fever. There are classes of bacteria that are clinically identified to produce this condition , these are: syphilis, rickettsia or spirochetes, rocky mountain, etc.
  • Viral Exanthem – rash caused by a virus eruptive disease (such as measles or chickenpox) or its symptomatic eruption. Most viral infections are having balanced proportion that can get to affect the skin surface all over the body, including roseola and measles. Others, such as shingles or herpes occur in one part of the body and sometimes parvovirus infections are localized to the cheeks. It can though be resolved on their own for a few days to weeks, so nothing to worry about.

Itchy skin rashes in Children

As infants commonly get allergy due to skin sensitivity, medically reviewed first aid rash by Kate M. Kronan, MD of Kids Health Organization ( states that rash can be caused by viruses , bacteria , medicines, heat, allergies, and many other things. What to do when your child gets this skin red annoyance at once?

  1. Add a few cups of oatmeal to the bath tub
  2. Pat the skin dry and don’t scrub or scratch the affected skin
  3. Leave patches exposed to the air and opt for topical medications prescribed by pedia.

Over-the-counter medications

Though some rash in skin may last a while, many still, go away or gets better on their own, especially when you treat this condition with over-the-counter remedies that includes the following:

  • Anti-itch creams with 1% content of hydrocortisone.
  • Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) in moderation for mild pain associated with skinrash.
  • Oral antihistamines that control itchy red rash such as hydroxyzine and diphenhydramine.
  • Topical anti-fungal medications that contain clotrimazole (Lotrimin),miconazole (Micatin), or terbinafine (Lamisil) for fungal infections.
  • Non-irritating lotions or moisturizers

Example Products:

Ease Discomfort at home

Most can actually be cured with topical hydrocortisone medications, etc. However, we can’t really look past itchy red skin rash symptoms especially at home. Follow these tips as help to comfort causing itch irritation and speed condition healing:

  • Say no to scented soaps or body wash, opt for mild and gentle cleansers.
  • Use warm water when you wash your hair or body.
  • Stop rubbing the rash and let it breathe. Avoid covering it.
  • Use calamine lotion or unscented moisturizing lotions.

Take an oatmeal bath or use coconut oil extracts, tea tree oil, baking soda or Epsom salts, apple cider vinegar or any plant oils

Use dandruff shampoo as its one common medically reviewed and prescribed by doctors.

Seek Medical Advice

If topical creams or easing measures do not help, or if the rash becomes more widespread, consult general physician or your dermatologist. It may be a sign of severe rash that needs an immediate action of medical treatments.


Most frequent questions and answers

If you’re experiencing other symptoms such as painful discolouration in the affected area, face swelling or tightness in your throat that leads you to difficulty breathing, fever, vomiting, diarrhea or severe neck or head pain along with your skin rash itch, you need to see your doctor right away.

How long a rash lasts depends on its cause. Most mild skin rash itchy disappears in usually within a few days. For example, a viral infection caused rash by roseola lasts for one to two days, whereas measles itchy rash gets better on its own by six to eight days. These, however, are for milder ones. Severe cases can last longer than you expected, so it’s advisable to seek medical expert advice for treatment.

Ready to answer questions about your medical history, food diet, allergies, current medications or medicine, or daily hygiene. These are factors that fuels rash signs and symptoms and may give you mild to severe diagnosis. Some experts may perform skin biopsy for analysis or allergy tests. It’ll be the basis what certain medical treatments or home care they can provide to relieve your rash on skin completely.

 If you have an itchy red rash and you scratch it, it may become infected. Signs of an infected rash are yellow or green fluid, swelling, crusting, pain, and warmth in the area of the rash, or a red streak coming from the rash. (WebMD)

Although most of these conditions are not life-threatening, some skin rashes with pictures can signal something more serious. Any person could acquire this skin condition, make sure to learn and know what type of rash you’re having through scanning skin rash pictures, researches, et al to avoid sudden and rapid spread in your body. Is it caused by allergic reaction? Infection? Or Medication? Allergies to Medications are common, while some can be really serious. There are medically reviewed news or website that shows page images or skin rash with pictures. It begins in blister, if it spreads to affect the skin around the eyes, mouth, or genitals seek medical attention.

Top Takeaway

  1. Identify what triggers rash if you have one and avoid them.
  2. Use home care treatments to ease mild contact skin condition.
  3. Follow medications dermatology experts provided and make sure you observe new improvements timely.
  4. If you suspect further illness that goes with your rashes in skin, contact experts at once.
  5. Lastly, practice good skin care habits and even or weigh your lifestyle with your skin health. At the end of the day, you don’t want those skin rashes pictures be in reality, and in your own body, right?

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