How to Get Rid of Closed Comedones: A Comedonal Acne Guideline

Closed Comedones

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Who would ever want to see acne on their faces? Or even just a single reddish plump closed comedones chin? No one, right? Acne, as real roadblock concerns in youthful skin care game, bothers not just your beauty habit but also your daily confidence drive.

While common cases of acne start to sprout during pre-pubescent period, a large number of comedonal acne (closed) in specific, vies 85% of post adolescent individual according to scientific studies. Whiteheads and blackheads et al are undeniably nuisance to your everyday routine. But, to keep your hopes up, there are a variety of closed comedone treatment options you can do to avoid them. Let’s move along.


Comedonal Acne

An acne composition wherein number of lesions appear as Comedones, such as closed.Comedones are small bumps or blemish (papules / pustules) frequently found on the forehead or chin area which usually contains a plug of sebum in a skin pore. It is the hair follicles on your skin that are clogged with excessive oil (sebum), dead skin impurities and filthy substance of dirt.

Though comedonal acne completely differin inflammatory acne, it surely appears in several types of small lesions such as the following:

  • Closed Comedones known as whiteheads; are hair follicle in complete blockage
  • Open Comedones, the blackheads; surfacing dark dot pigments (melanin) that are mistaken as dirt. Its clogging is soothing in the sebaceous glands (oil producing glands).
  • Microcomedones, these are relatively small which makes it invisible to the eye.
  • Macrocomedones; closed comedones that are larger than 2–3 millimeters in diameter.
  • Giant comedones; a type of cyst wherein large lesion show clear blackhead-like opening of the skin
  • Solar comedones: a typical result of sun overexposure, which led to closed comedones cheeks and chin skin damage.


Causes of Closed Comedonal Acne

Our skin cells shed the dermal layer of the skin and normally replace it with new growth of skin cells, and sometimes when we omit the dead skin cells, some are left trapped within the hair follicles; and when it’s mixed with natural oils that sebum secretes, closed or open comedones become visible. Here are most common risk factors why you acquire comedonal acne:

  1. Hormonal Imbalance – well your breakout may probably not just be the worst. Comedonal acne too, often comes visible during your premenstrual cycle.
  2. Oily Skin – this acne primarily affects adults with oily skin since its the overactive result of sebaceous glands in the dermal layer.
  3. Heredity – there are high chances that such type acne condition was passed on by your roots.
  4. Comedogenic Skin Care Products – there are certain skin care products that actually activate comedonal acne, so make sure you do your tests.
  5. Improper Skin Care Habit – perhaps you’re doing your routine wrong. Do the proper cleansing method and let not lack of moisture lead to clogged pores. Do not also overdo skin hydration, using the wrong moisturizer often leads to comedonal acne.
  6. Failed Skin Treatments – yes, skin therapies have their disadvantages too. Please try to seek advice on medical experts on what laser treatments or chemical peels suit your skin. Also, control yourself from picking skin or popping comedone.
  7. Unhealthy Diet – The food you’re eating should contain less sugar and fats, it’ll bring you pimple popping to comedonal acne. High dairy consumption also increases this type of acne.
  8. Lifestyle – Quit smoking, it doesn’t do any good to you. Be a responsible drinker too. Your lifestyle reflects your body and your body is your whole core of being.

How to Cure it

Over-the-Counter Products

OTC products to treat closed comedones like retinoid, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid et al are available in registered pharmacies. It may take about three months though, to see visible results;

  • Salicylic Acid (Beta Hydroxy) remains first line of defense treating closed comedones. It kills the bacteria that may bring inflammatory acne or redness and has an affinity of lipids, which penetrate oil producing glands to unclog pores. Avoid using salicylic with retinol though, it may cause irritation.
  • Azelaic acid is a topical treatment for mild to moderate acne. It may be combined with oral antibiotics or hormonal therapy, reduces inflammation and collects free radicals.
  • Retinoids are not only perfect to tighten your skin and prevent sign of skin sagging. It has Vitamin A that helps skin cell process that is best product for closed comedones. Tretinoin and adapalene gel are common retinoids to treat comedonal acne. However, retinoids also produce new growth cells that are soft which are prone to sun damage, so make sure you use sunscreen along with it but never combine retinol with vitamin C as it may create adverse reactions.
  • Glycolic Acid (Alpha Hydroxy) usually cleans pores and removes the top skin layer with TCA Peel formulation, etc. Apparently, it’s also clear comedones and even out skin complexion to give you smoother, radiant glow.
  • Niacinamide – less concentration than retinoids – has Vitamin B3 derivatives that controls excessive sebum production and improve collagen (peptides) to avoid sign of skin aging and reduce appearance of blackheads and whiteheads.
  • Benzoyl Peroxide has an antibacterial and keratolytic agent that’s topical for closed comedone acne treatment. It also has its bleaching agent and catalyst synthesis of polymers that unclogs pores and even out skin tone appearance.
  • Antibiotics can be used as inflammatory acne treatment and also comedonal acne cure. It may diminish with topical treatments, but some lesions are not totally left subside. Common antibiotics are Tetracycline, doxycycline (Vibramycin), minocycline (Minocin) and erythromycin, they penetrates deeply to sebaceous glands and prevent further increases of P. Acnes bacteria.

Home Remedies

Home remedies for treating comedones also exists, although scientific records find them no place, some people still used it in efficacy.

  • Apple cider vinegar has its acidic content that can provide you dry skin and remove excessive oil, blocked pores, and related comedones. Mix apple cider vinegar with warm water and apply over your face. Repeatedly add this to your nightly routine and see results few weeks after.
  • Lemon juice, also absorbs excessive oil and treat comedones. You can choose to apply it in diluted water or directly pat on face. After applying lemon, avoid direct heat of the sun as it may cause damage.
  • Honey has its sticky factor that penetrates deeply into pores and cure them. It has its antibacterial agent that dries up comedonal acne.
  • Facial Steam is one good alternative for comedones closed treatment. It gently opens up pores and cleanse it to clear comedonal acne. As you noticed, facial salons often do the steam in between scrubbing and massaging face – that’s for pore opening.
  • Witch Hazel astringent, can also be bought in OTC stores in the form of toners and cleansers, cause shrinking of pores and pushed clogged impurities to wash out and treat comedone closed acne.

Medical Therapies

Medical therapies for closed comedones are one suggestion for you take. According to Mayo Clinic (rights reserved) , there are cases that come in combination and sometimes alone. Here are treatment for closed comedones you can seek medical advice with:

  • Lasers and Photodynamic therapy use light source that gives hope for curing any forms of acne. It has been one common medical advice you get to hear for acne treatment.
  • Extraction of whiteheads and blackheads maybe painful, but its now famous in facial clinics. The doctor uses special tools and gently remove blackheads and whiteheads (closed comedo). It may result to scarring, but there’ll be healing treatments for it.
  • Chemical Peels are quite common procedure wherein the chemical solution such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid, etc are repeatedly given to closed comedones on cheeks or forehead.
  • Steroid Injection is a rapid alternative to cure comedonal acne. Nodular and nodulocystic forms of acne can cause larger, tender, fluid-filled lesions to form and it may become painful, direct injection of steroids decreased unpleasant bodily sensation and treat comedomes.



Most frequent questions and answers

As comedones appear as somehow painful fresh-colored bumps on the skin surface, remember that when cells lining the follicle in sebaceous duct and increased sebum production, it triggers comedones overall development. Other factors such as reduced linoleate in sebum, pre- menstrual over hydration, chemical contacts with pomades, isopropyl myristate, propylene glycol and some dyes in cosmetics, follicle ruptured, dairy products and other food with high glycaemic-index manifest comedones arise.

Comedonal acne can affect teenagers and adults as well. They are commonly found on the nose, chin and closed comedones forehead.

Home remedies or OTC products with salicylic, glycolic ingredients, etc. are likely effective. Hence, if it’s not improving after 3-4 months, better to seek a healthcare professional at once. The doctor may advise high strength retinoid medications or suggest medical therapies if its severe signed diagnosis.

Quick Tip

There are several closed comedones treatment as well as list how to prevent it. You can absolutely search topical closed comedones remedy guideline or subscribed on newsletter that will help you gain health information on how to deal acne closed comedones, also open comedones. While pimples can let you give a huge scream, closed comedones can be one head scratcher in your beauty routine. Aside from getting the best products for closed comedones acne, we’ll leave you great tips on how to naturally avoid it.

  1. Do proper hygiene. Wash your face twice or thrice a day, then cleanse it with a clearing swab to be clear with dirt and dead skin cells.
  2. Use non-greasy products and light moisturizer to avoid breakouts. Add sunscreen also when you step outdoors.
  3. Keep yourself away from scrubbing too hard on your skin as it will lose its natural oils and trigger sebum.
  4. Maintain a healthy diet. Stop smoking, avoid fatty contents and too much sugar.
  5. Reward yourself with rest and beauty sleep.
  6. Follow good skin care routine and if unfortunately you still get closed comedones, never prick or pop.

Overall, knowing your skin first and how it works with harmful pollution of environment etc. can identify why you get acne. In order to completely answer the “how to get rid of comedone” questions, start to prevent and watch video that address comedonal acne and learn more about it. By following the tips we gave, you’ll never get to problem acne sprouts in your face. Yet, still if you get to have it, don’t panic, be patient and treat it as we guided. Don’t let yourself be dependent in concealing makeup, make the next move. With mindful prevention and curing techniques, in time – you’ll surely overcome it!

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